Grammar Point Summary

by Chinese2020.com

【 通过 vs 经过

【Verbs: 通过 vs 经过】.

(1) 通过 means going through a certain object, as in penetrating into and coming out of something. It can be a physically action or an abstract action.

     你往前走,通过红色的门以后,你会看见一只蓝色的猫

     Go straight ahead, then go through a red door, you will see a blue cat.

    

     小猫能通过白色的门吗?

     Can cat pass through that white door?

     你通过了这 次考试

     You went through this test.

     学校已经通过了我 的申请(shēn qǐng: application).

     The school went through my application.

(2) 经过 means "to pass by" or "to pass through" a place. Unlike 通过, it does not need to penetrate into and come out of something. It can also be an abstract action meaning "to experience something" or "to go through a time".

     每天我去学校都经过他家

     I pass by his home everyday on my way to school.

     我经过书店的时候看见他在买书

     When I passed by the bookstore, I saw him buying books.

     经过一个小时的学习,我已经做好作业了

     Having studied for one hour I already finished my homework.

     经过三次比赛,我们最后得了第一名

     After going through three competitions, I got the first place at last.

    

     经过一个小时,他最后爬了上来

     Having climbed for one hour he finally came up.

【通过 as preposition】. As a preposition, structure "通过 + method" is used to expresses using a certain method to achieve certain outcome. It emphasizes the method of doing something, and it can be placed before and after the subject.

    

     通过我的研究,我发现女孩子都不喜欢打游戏

     Through my research, I found that all girls do not like to play games.

     我通过你的朋友才找到你的电话

     I found your phone number via your friend.

     通过努力,他最后上了一个很好的高中

     With his effort, he finally entered a very good high school.

【经过 as a noun】. As a noun, it means "process of doing something".

     谁打你了?你跟我说一说事情的经过

     Who hit you? Tell me what has happened.

    

     事情的经过是这样的

     This is what has happened.

【通过 or 经过?】

     我们经过你的朋友才找到你

     我们通过你的朋友才找到你

     经过上海,中国向全世界打开了大门(向 xiàng: toward)

     通过上海,中国向全世界打开了大门

     通过上海的时候,发现那里的地铁很舒服

     经过上海的时候,发现那里的地铁很舒服