Grammar Point Summary

by Chinese2020.com

【已经 - already】

【已经】Phrase 已经 (yǐ jīngyǐ_jīng) basically means "already" and used as an adverb. It can be used before a verb phrase or an adjective or a time. To emphasize the time elapsed, usually 了(le) is added in the end of the sentence.

(1) 已经 + Verb phrase

     猫妈妈已经钓到好几条大鱼了 The mitten's mom already fished quite a few big fishes.

     他已经知道自己错了 He already knew he himself was wrong.

     校车已经开走了 The schoolbus already drove away.

     小孩子已经会说话了 The child can already talk.

     我已经做好作业了 I already finished homework.

     我已经有女朋友了 I already have a girlfriend.


(2) 已经 + Adj

     已经生气了 He is already angry.

     你已经很漂亮了 You are already very beautiful.

     我已经很烦了,别再烦我 I am already very tired. Do not bother me again.

     我的爸爸已经老了 My dad is already old.

     天已经很黑了 It's already very dark.


(3) 已经 + time

     已经晚上十点了,我要回去了 It's already 10 at night. I want to go back.

     她已经十八岁了 She is already 18 years old.

     今天已经是星期四了 Today is already Thursday.

     已经两个小时过去了 It has already been two hours passed.

     你上网已经有四十分钟了 You have already been on the internet for 40 minutes.


(4) Negation: 已经 + 不 + Verb/Adj. In negative form, the meaning of "已经不" is "not... any more".

     已经不认识她了 I don't dknow her any more.

     我已经不爱你了 I don't love you any more.

     他已经不去公司上班了 He does not go to firms to work any more.

     你十八岁了,已经不小了 You are 18 years old. You are not young any more.

     她已经不高兴了 She is not happy any more.