Grammar Point Summary

by Chinese2020.com

【的, 地, 得】

We already covered grammar for 的(de) and 地(de). This is the summary of 的(de) and 地(de) and new character 得(de):

【的 de】It's used to mark possession or modification, like 's/of in English. The structure is ... + 的 + Noun.

    我老师 my teacher     你电话 your phone     中国火车 China's train

    他女朋友 his girlfriend     漂亮女孩 beautiful girl     蓝色 blue sky


【地 de】地 (dede) is used as an adverbial particle in structure Adj + 地 + Verb. Here "Adj + 地" turns into adverb.

     小马小心过了河 - Colt crossed the river carefully .

     他大声喊叫 He shouted loudly.

     小明开心笑了 Xiao Ming smiled happily


【得 de】Character 得 (dede) is new here. It is used to construct complements usually with structure Verb + 得 + Adj. The adjective is to describe degree or intensity of verb. Similar to "Adj + 地 + Verb".

     车子开很快 Car drives fast.

     你的工作做很好 You did very well at work.

     他笑很开心 He smiled happily.

     今天吃太多 I ate too much today.

     你说太快,我没有听见 You said too fast. I did not hear it.

     马克这两周生活得开开心心的 Mark lived happily in these two weeks.


【Adj + 得很】This is a special use of 得 (de). Basically it is similar as 很 + Adj.

     河水深得很 = 河水很深 River is very deep.

     它又高又大,我怕得很 It is tall and big. I am very scared.

     他吃饭快得很 He ate meal very fast.